We have been discussing the practice of reservists serving as MJs while having full time employment as DOJ prosecutors. Concrete examples sometimes help. Consider this: link.
Lt. Col. Gleason will spend almost all of his weekdays standing up in federal court in North Carolina, starting his appearances with the words "Mr. Gleason for the United States." In the rare moments when he is acting as a reserve MJ, however, we expect him to shake off this habit and the attitudes that come with it, and to impartially judge a case in which "the United States" is on one side of the "V." The obvious, blatant conflict of interest is squarely framed by Gleason's own words:
“What can be better than representing the United States of America, and have the opportunity to do that every day, and have the opportunity to do the right thing. Not every job you can say that, but in this job, you do.” (emphasis added).
Presumably the "doing the right thing" part is serving as an MJ. What could be better, indeed, for Lt. Col. Gleason, than to be able to have a great career in DOJ and to also get to wear a robe once in a while. The accused who appear before him would likely answer that question differently. "What could be better?" A judge without the appearance of a conflict of interest.
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